Although peaches are indigenous to China, they were introduced to the western world from Iran. Knowing how to grow a peach tree will help you enjoy these delicious fruits year after year from your garden. However, it’s crucial not only to learn how to grow a peach tree. but what it takes to guarantee proper peach tree care.
Peach Tree Care
Peach trees can develop in USDA Zones 5 to 8 but grow well in Zones 6 and 7. If you belong to in any of these zones, you can pay attention to choosing a type according to its flavor and harvest-time. If you reside in colder areas, you can select the variants available that are more cold tolerant. Here are some useful tips to plant and maintain peach trees.
Planting Peach Trees
- Spring is considered the best time to plant peach trees. You should select a tree that is almost 1-year-old and try to plant it the same day you get it.
- Before planting peaches, pick a spot with well-drained, relatively fertile soil in full sunlight to avoid frost damage.
- For container-grown trees, take the plant out from its pot and eliminate any surrounding roots by placing the root ball on its side and cutting through the roots using shears.
- When planting grafted trees, put the inner edges of the curve of the graft in a direction away from the sun.
- Dig the soil a few inches deeper and broader than the spread of the roots. Place the tree over a small mound of soil in the center of the hole.
- If you are planting regular-size trees, place them 15 to 20 feet apart. Set dwarf trees 10 to 12 feet away from each other.
Maintaining Peach Trees
Once you have planted your peach tree, adequate watering, fertilizing and proper care is needed to achieve 10 to 18 inches of fresh growth each season.
- Water your peach tree plant on a regular basis until it is established.
- Once established, the plant will only need watering during very hot spells of spring and summer.
- Be sure to water only the roots and not the leaves of the plant, as this increases the risk of disease.
- Fruit trees maturing in containers have limited access to water. This necessitates regular watering, perhaps every day during summer.
- Fertilize the young trees with 1 pound of nitrogen fertilizer, about 6 weeks after planting.
- Add a ¾ pound of nitrogen fertilizer in the spring and the early summer during the second year.
- Add about 1 pound of real nitrogen per year to the mature trees in the spring following the third year.
- To ensure tree strength, avoid fertilizing it within 2 months of the initial fall frost period or when the fruits are ripening.
Growing peach tree varieties demands a lot of attention and consistent care. Apart from adequate watering and fertilizing, it needs pesticide safety, as well as frost and freeze protection for proper growth and longer life. If you want to learn more about maintaining peach trees, stay tuned for pruning and mulching tips.