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How to Prune Different Types of Trees Properly-I

Posted on November 2nd, 2016 by Prunin Arboriculture & Landscape

Pruning is an essential part of the horticulture that includes removal of certain part of plants, such as branches, buds, or roots. By understanding how specific plants react to pruning, your decisions can be more effective.

The main motive behind pruning a specific plant, tree or shrub is to remove diseased, damaged, dead, non-productive, structurally unsound, or unwanted tissue. It is one of the most important tasks in keeping your trees healthy and beautiful.

How to Prune Different Types of Trees Properly

While all trees benefit from pruning, the “how” and “when” will vary for different types:

  1. Pruning Raspberry
    Pruning raspberry canes is very important. While competing for sunlight, the plants get overcrowded and this becomes the cause of death for buds on the lower half and the shaded leaves. We also need to remove dead floricanes because they can spread diseases to the new canes. These floricanes have peeling gray bark and old fruiting lateral ranches on them that need to be removed too.

    Keeping the row of raspberry plant narrow is very decisive in protecting the plants from diseases and making the fruit easy to reach during harvest season. The width should not be more than 2ft. If any cane looks good but still exceeds the bound, it will need to be cut down to the ground.

  2. Pruning Avocado Trees
    Avocado trees, unlike many other fruit bearing trees, have a natural ability to regulate food growth, water and nutrients supply to the required part. But there are some trees that grow too quickly forming lush canopy that blocks the sunlight from reaching the branches at the bottom. It is necessary to thin out those branches.
    While pruning the branches, we’ll have to be aware that the same adjustment should be made on both sides. Uneven pruning could result in fruit growth on one side that’ll destabilize the tree and make it receptive to strong winds and rain. These trees should only be pruned when there is minimum risk of extreme cold and heat.

  3. Pruning Plum Trees
    Plum trees don’t require as precise pruning as apple or pear trees. But there are times when they require pruning and that depends on the maturity and type of plum trees. Young ones are generally pruned during early spring, before bud break. Young trees should be immediately pruned in order to get a proper shape, while those with the fruits should be pruned in mid-summer. Flowering trees should not be pruned.

    Once the tree is established, cut out the branches that haven’t produced fruit that year. Remove all the dead wood, trim side shoots, leave six leaves that are connected to their parent branch. The central stem should not be more than 3ft. from the highest branch. These steps will give a plum tree the desired growth and look.

  4. Pruning Apple Trees
    Pruning apple trees has a different effect on different age groups. Young apple trees get strong and solid framework whereas matured ones get to maintain their shape and fruit production. The best time to prune any apple tree is in late winter or very early spring before any new growth starts. After pruning, apple trees should be in conical shape that allows more sunlight to the branches. Remove the scaffold branches that are connected to the central branch so they don’t cross each other and have enough spacing between them. Depending on the size of the tree, there should be maximum 2-6 scaffold branches.

    Remove the shoots that grow near the base, remove the dead and damaged wood on the tree. Make a cut above an outward facing bud. To keep the tree in a vase shape, remove the crossing branches and cut off the downward growing branches. A well-pruned apple tree will be a poor shade tree.

  5. Pruning Orange Trees
    Pruning orange trees help to increase air flow and light through the canopy which results in improving fruit quality. Remove damaged and diseased branches and lightly snip off the shoots that are below the graft or bud union. Try removing the sprout when they are small. It can be done easily with bare hands. Never let it grow so big that you’ll need lopper or saw.

    If it’s grown really big, remove all the flush branches with collar, not the trunk. This helps the tree to heal completely and decrease sprout growth. If there’s any dark wood still visible, it’s an indication that disease still exists and you may need to remove more of it. Treat it if possible or dispense it if severely affected.

These are some really beneficial tips which you can apply on different trees in your yard and have a variety of flowers and fruits during different seasons.

For pruning tips of some more trees, stay tuned for our next blog!

See Also: Expert Tips to Prune Your Trees Properly

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